Bandipur National Park is one of India’s protected wild life areas. It is an important Project Tiger Reserve. It is located in Gundlupet Taluk of Chamarajanagar District. It is 78km from Mysore and 220km from Bangalore.
The park has an area of 874 square kilometers. Adjoining National Parks are Madhumalai National Park, Nagarahole National Park and Wynad Wildlife Sanctuary. All this forms the largest protected area in southern India. Total area of these areas is 2183 square kilometers. More than 3000 Indian elephants and around 70 Bengali tigers are there in this Park. Bandipur forms a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
It is a beautiful tourist spot. It is home for wild animals like tiger, elephant, sambar, wild boar, jackal, gaur, squirrel, languar, barking deer etc.
It has a variety of birds like pigeons, peacocks, robbins, tits, jungle fowl, tits, partridges warbles, bulbils etc.
Flora of the forest are honne, matti, sandalwood, teak, bamboos, nerale, dindal, tadsal etc.
History of Bandipur National park
A wild life sanctuary of 90 square kilometers (35 square miles) was created at this place in the Bandipur Reserve forest in 1931. Venugopala Wildlife Park was established at this site as the area of this Sanctuary is too small for conserving wild life. The area was extended up to 800 square kilometers. In 1973 Bandipur Tiger Reserve was established under Project Tiger.
There are several timber trees including: Rosewood, Teak, Sandlewood, Clumping bamboo, Giant clumping bamboo, Indian-laurel, Indian Kino Tree and Grewia tiliaefolia.
There are also several shrubs, flowering and fruiting trees. They are: Indian gooseberry, Indigoberry, Black Cutch, Shorea talura, Satinwood, Flame of the Forest, Golden shower Tree, Kadamba tree, Crape-myrtle, Axlewood, Black Myrobalan.
There is a large number of Elephants in Bandipur National Park. Large number of Predator species of mammals live here. They are; Tiger, Sloth Bear, Leopard, Dhole, Hyena and Chevrotain. Other animals are Sambar(deer), Gaur, Chital, Four-horned Antelope and Barking deer.